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Sumo Logic

Google Workspace Source

The Google Workspace Source collects a list of users from the Google Workspace Users API. It securely stores the required authentication, scheduling, and state tracking information.

States

A Google Workspace Source tracks errors, reports its health, and start-up progress. You’re informed, in real-time, if the Source is having trouble connecting, if there's an error requiring user action, or if it is healthy and collecting by utilizing Health Events.

A Google Workspace Source goes through the following states when created:

  1. Pending: Once the Source is submitted it is validated, stored, and placed in a Pending state.
  2. Started: A collection task is created on the Hosted Collector.
  3. Initialized: The task configuration is complete in Sumo Logic.
  4. Authenticated: The Source successfully authenticated with Google.
  5. Collecting: The Source is actively collecting data from Google.

If the Source has any issues during any one of these states it is placed in an Error state.

When you delete the Source it is placed in a Stopping state, when it has successfully stopped it is deleted from your Hosted Collector.

On the Collection page, the Health and Status for Sources is displayed. Use Health Events to investigate issues with collection.

Azure AD Inventory error.png

Hover your mouse over the status icon to view a tooltip with a count of the detected errors and warnings.

hover over health status icon.png

You can click on the status icon to open a Health Events panel with details on each detected issue.

Set up Service Account Credentials

The Google Workspace Source retrieves data once per 24 hours based on user input for either deleted users or all users in a domain.

The following steps show you how to create service account credentials:

  1. First, select the project or create a new project. Enable Admin SDK API by searching for "Admin SDK API" in the search bar and selecting the Enable button.

step1.png

  1. You will be redirected to the dashboard page. Navigate to the Credentials tab from the left panel.

step2.png

  1. Click on the Create Credentials button and select Service Account to create a service account. Later you will fill in the details and click Done to create a service account.

step3.png

  1. Click on your service account to open its details. In the DETAILS tab, expand SHOW DOMAIN-WIDE DELEGATION. Next, click the checkbox to Enable Google Workspace Domain-wide Delegation and click Save.

step4.png

  1. Navigate to the KEYS tab on the same page. To get the JSON configuration of the service account you have to create a key. Click on the ADD KEY button and select Create new key. You will see a prompt where you need to select JSON and then click on CREATE to create a key. The JSON file will download automatically once the key is created.

step5.png

Example JSON:

{
  "type": "service_account",
  "project_id": "sample_project",
  "private_key_id": "asdfgh1234556",
  "private_key": "-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----\nsample_private_key\n-----END PRIVATE KEY-----\n",
  "client_email": "sample_project@sample_service_account.com",
  "client_id": "12345678",
  "auth_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
  "token_uri": "https://oauth2.googleapis.com/token",
  "auth_provider_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/certs",
  "client_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/robot/v1/metadata/x509/sample_url.com"
}

  1. For the scope, add any of the following three scopes to the service account from the admin console. Note the ones you use, you'll need to provide them when configuring the Sumo Logic Google Workspace Source.
    • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/admin.directory.user
    • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/admin.directory.user.readonly
    • https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform
    See Google's Delegate domain-wide authority to your service account document for details and steps. The scope is required to authorize collection.

    step7.png
    step7b.png

Create a Google Workspace Source

When you create a Google Workspace Source, you add it to a Hosted Collector. Before creating the Source, identify the Hosted Collector you want to use or create a new Hosted Collector. For instructions, see Configure a Hosted Collector.

To configure a Google Workspace Source:

  1. In the Sumo Logic web app, select Manage Data > Collection > Collection
  1. On the Collectors page, click Add Source next to a Hosted Collector.
  1. Select Google Workspace.
    google workspace icon.png
  1. Enter a Name to display for the Source in the Sumo web application. The description is optional.
    google workspace oct 28 2021.png
  1. (Optional) For Source Category, enter any string to tag the output collected from the Source. Category metadata is stored in a searchable field called _sourceCategory.
  2. Forward to SIEM. Check the checkbox to forward your data to Cloud SIEM Enterprise and become part of User Inventory. When configured with the Forward to SIEM option the following metadata fields are set:
    Field Name Value
    _siemVendor Google
    _siemProduct Workspace
    _dataType Inventory
  1. (Optional) Fields. Click the +Add link to add custom log metadata Fields.
    • Define the fields you want to associate, each field needs a name (key) and value. 
      • green check circle.png A green circle with a check mark is shown when the field exists and is enabled in the Fields table schema.
      • orange exclamation point.png An orange triangle with an exclamation point is shown when the field doesn't exist, or is disabled, in the Fields table schema. In this case, an option to automatically add or enable the nonexistent fields to the Fields table schema is provided. If a field is sent to Sumo that does not exist in the Fields schema or is disabled it is ignored, known as dropped. 
  2. The Delegated User Email is the email address of the super administrator for the domain that granted access to the service account you created.

  3. Provide the Client EmailPrivate Key, and Token URL you got in the JSON file after you created service account credentials in step 5 of the setup section.

  4. Provide the same Scope you defined for your service account in step 6 of the setup section.

  5. The Query Parameter for Collecting User Data section provides two options, Customer or Domain Parameter. See the Directory API documentation from Google for details.

    • Customer ID: The unique ID for the customer's Google Workspace account. In the case of a multi-domain account, to fetch all groups for a customer, fill this field instead of domain. You can also use the my_customer alias to represent your account's customerId. The customerId is also returned as part of the Users resource.

    • Domain: The domain name. Use this field to get fields from only one domain. To return all domains for a customer account, use the customer query parameter instead.

  6. When you are finished configuring the Source click Submit.

Error types

When Sumo Logic detects an issue it is tracked by Health Events. The following table shows the three possible error types, the reason the error would occur, if the Source attempts to retry, and the name of the event log in the Health Event Index.

Type Reason Retries Retry Behavior Health Event Name
ThirdPartyConfig Normally due to an invalid configuration. You'll need to review your Source configuration and make an update. No retries are attempted until the Source is updated. Not applicable ThirdPartyConfigError
ThirdPartyGeneric Normally due to an error communicating with the third party service APIs. Yes The Source will retry for up to 90 minutes, after which it quits. ThirdPartyGenericError
FirstPartyGeneric Normally due to an error communicating with the internal Sumo Logic APIs. Yes The Source will retry for up to 90 minutes, after which it quits. FirstPartyGenericError

JSON configuration

Sources can be configured using UTF-8 encoded JSON files with the Collector Management API. See how to use JSON to configure Sources for details. 

Parameter Type Required? Description Access
config JSON Object Yes Contains the configuration parameters for the Source.  
schemaRef JSON Object Yes Set to {"type":"Google Workspace"}. not modifiable
sourceType String Yes Set to Universal. not modifiable

The following table shows the config parameters for a Google Workspace Source.

Parameter Type Required Default Description Access
name String Yes   Type a desired name of the Source. The name must be unique per Collector. This value is assigned to the metadata field _source. modifiable
description String No null Type a description of the Source. modifiable
category String No null Type a category of the source. This value is assigned to the metadata field _sourceCategory. See best practices for details. modifiable
fields JSON
Object
No   JSON map of key-value fields (metadata) to apply to the Collector or Source.

Use the boolean field _siemForward to enable forwarding to SIEM.
modifiable
clientEmail String Yes   Provide the Client Email you got in the JSON file after you created service account credentials modifiable
delegatedUserEmail String Yes   Provide the super-administrator email address for the domain that granted access to the service account you created. modifiable
privateKey String Yes   Provide the Private Key you got in the JSON file after you created service account credentials modifiable
tokenURL String Yes   Provide the Token URL you got in the JSON file after you created service account credentials modifiable
scope String Yes   Provide the same Scope you defined for your service account modifiable
queryParam Boolean No true By default, the Customer parameter is selected with a CustomerID value of my_customer. To assign a different CustomerID provide the customerID parameter.

Set to false to use the Domain parameter. You need to provide the domain parameter when false.
modifiable
customerID String No my_customer The unique ID for the customer's Google Workspace account. modifiable
domain String No (except when queryParam is set to false.)   The domain name. Use this field to get fields from only one domain. modifiable

Google Workspace Source JSON example:

{
  "name": "google workspace",
  "description": "description",
  "category": "souce_category",
  "fields": {
    "_siemForward": true
  },
  "privateKey": "****************",
  "clientEmail": "example@abc-google.com",
  "delegatedUserEmail": "example@abc.com",
  "tokenURL": "https://example_token_url.com",
  "queryParam": false,
  "scope": "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/admin.directory.user.readonly",
  "domain": "some_domain"
}