Skip to main content

Global Intelligence for Apache app

icon

The Global Intelligence for Apache app is a companion to the Apache app and helps DevOps and infrastructure engineers compare server and user activity patterns associated with their Apache servers against other Sumo Logic customer’s servers. Such comparisons can help diagnose potential load, throughput, or error issues in Apache clusters and avoid operational incidents arising from sub-optimal configurations of Apache clusters.

Availability

This feature is available in the following account plans.

Account TypeAccount Level
CloudFlexEnterprise
CreditsEnterprise Operations, Enterprise Suite

Data sources 

The Global Intelligence for Apache app uses logs data from Apache clusters. Like the Sumo Logic app for Apache, it assumes the NCSA extended/combined log file format for Access logs and the default Apache error log file format for error logs. For more details on Apache logs.

Sample queries 

The following sample query is from the Average Requests Per Second: My Server v Benchmark panel of GI Apache - 02. Load Signals and Contributing Factors dashboard.

| parse regex field=apache_log_message "(?<Method>[A-Za-z]+)\s(?<URL>\S+)\sHTTP/[\d\.]+\"\s(?<Status_Code>\d+)\s(?<Size>[\d-]+)\s\"(?<Referrer>.*?)\"\s\"(?<User_Agent>.+?)\".*"
| where _sourceHost matches "*"
| _sourceHost as server
| where size != "-"
| timeslice 1h
| count as hits by _timeslice, server
| hits/3600 as my_company_requests_per_sec
| fields - hits
//| pct(my_company_requests_per_sec, 0.99) as my_entity_p99 by server
| avg(my_company_requests_per_sec) as my_entity_avg by server
| "requests_per_sec" as benchmarkname
| infer _category=gislite _model=benchmarktrendline appname=apache benchmark_stat="avg" my_entity_stat="avg"
//| max(benchmark_p99) as benchmark_p99, max(my_entity_p99) as my_entity_p99 by date
| max(benchmark_avg) as benchmark_avg, max(my_entity_avg) as my_entity_avg by date
| sort by date asc

Collecting logs for the Apache app

Follow the steps in Sumo Logic Apache Logs to configure collection for the Global Intelligence for Apache app.

Concepts

Golden Signals

Golden signals of load, bottleneck, latency, errors and throughput help identify the flow of causation between benchmark signals. In a nutshell, load spikes lead to either latency or error spikes; latency and error spikes lead to a drop in throughput as shown in the figure below. The signals and contributing factors are organized based on Golden Signal analysis

Apache Golden signals.png

Distance: Quantifying Similarity of Server Time Series to Benchmark

Distance, between 0 and 1, is a statistical measure of how similar a given entity is to other entities based on a given signal. A distance of 0 signifies entities that are behaving identical to the population of entities, for the given signal. Sudden increases in distance coupled with sudden increases compared to benchmark values indicate entities that are either the cause of an incident or are affected by upstream issues.

For each Apache server, hourly signals for the past 7 days are used to construct the benchmark distribution for a given signal such as requests per second. A given server’s hourly readings for each day are compared with the benchmark signals to determine the daily distance from the benchmark. If a server is consistently different from the benchmark, such a server is behaving differently from the population for a given signal. Changes, such as a sudden increase in distance between days, are more significant than the absolute value of distance on any given day.

Installing the Global Intelligence for Apache app

To install the app, do the following:

  1. From the Sumo Logic navigation, select App Catalog.
  2. In the Search Apps field, search for and then select your app.
    Optionally, you can scroll down to preview the dashboards included with the app.
  3. To install the app, click Install App.
  4. Click Next in the Setup Data section.
  5. In the Configure section of the respective app, complete the following fields.
    1. Key. Select either of these options for the data source.
      • Choose Source Category, and select a source category from the list for Default Value.
      • Choose Custom, and enter a custom metadata field. Insert its value in Default Value.
  6. Click Next. You will be redirected to the Preview & Done section.

Your app will be installed in the Installed Apps folder and dashboard panels will start to fill automatically.

Each panel slowly fills with data matching the time range query and received since the panel was created. Results will not immediately be available, updating with full graphs and charts over time.

Viewing Global Intelligence for Apache dashboards​

All dashboards have a set of filters that you can apply to the entire dashboard. Use these filters to drill down and examine the data to a granular level.

  • You can change the time range for a dashboard or panel by selecting a predefined interval from a drop-down list, choosing a recently used time range, or specifying custom dates and times. Learn more.
  • You can use template variables to drill down and examine the data on a granular level. For more information, see Filter with template variables.
  • Most Next-Gen apps allow you to provide the scope at the installation time and are comprised of a key (_sourceCategory by default) and a default value for this key. Based on your input, the app dashboards will be parameterized with a dashboard variable, allowing you to change the dataset queried by all panels. This eliminates the need to create multiple copies of the same dashboard with different queries.

Load Signals and Contributing Factors

The GI Apache - 01. Load Signals and Contributing Factors dashboard compares the golden signal of load (requests per second) for a company’s Apache servers to other servers. These signals are impacted by connections per second, requests per connection, the share of bot connections, and share of HTTP POST/DELETE requests. These causal signals are also compared to the population of Apache servers.

Use this dashboard to:

  • Analyze unusual load spikes and the reasons for them. Load on an Apache server is measured by Requests per Second. Apache request rate is affected by connection rate, requests per connection, data transferred (GB/request), BOT activity, and HTTP verb mix. In addition configuration factors such as the use of HTTPs and CPU/Memory allocation also affect Apache request rate. Assess if your Apache request rates are significantly lower for a given server compared to other Apache servers. If so, consult these correlates to verify if any of these factors might be the cause. To do this, first consult the Distance measurement and then the difference between a given entity and the benchmark.

GI-Apache-01-Load-Signals-and-Contributing-Factors.png

Throughput Signals and Contributing Factors

The GI Apache - 01. Throughput Signals and Contributing Factors dashboard compares the golden signal of throughput (GB per second)  for a company’s Apache servers to other servers.  

Apache throughput (GB per sec) is affected by: (a) request rate (b) data transferred - GB per request (c) Server errors. 

Use this dashboard to:

  • Assess if your Apache throughput is significantly lower for a given server compared to other Apache servers. If so, analyze the request rate, GB per request, and server errors to verify if any of these factors might be the cause. To do this, first consult the Distance measurement and then the difference between a given entity and the benchmark. Sudden increases in distance coupled with sudden increases compared to benchmark values indicate entities that are either the cause of an incident or are affected by upstream issues.

GI-Apache-02-Throughput-Signals-and-Contributing-Factors.png

Errors and Contributing Factors

The GI Apache - 03. Errors and Contributing Factors dashboard compares the golden signal of error rate for a company’s Apache servers to other servers. These signals are impacted by requests per second, connections per second and GB per request. These causal signals are also compared to the population of Apache servers.

Use this dashboard to:

  • Assess unusual increases in error rate and the reasons for them. Apache errors may be caused by high request rate, high request rate or large data transfer in GB per request.  Analyze the request rate, GB per request and server errors to verify if any of these factors might be the cause. To do this, first consult the Distance measurement and then the difference between a given entity and the benchmark. Sudden increases in distance coupled with sudden increases compared to benchmark values indicate entities that are either the cause of an incident or are affected by upstream issues.

GI-Apache-03-Errors-and-Contributing-Factors.png

Latency Signals and Contributing Factors

The GI Apache - 04. Latency Signals and Contributing Factors dashboard compares the golden signal of latency for a company’s Apache servers to other servers. Apache latency is affected by request rate, configuration factors, and slow URLs. 

Use this dashboard to:

  • Assess unusual latency increases and the reasons for them such as increased load. Analyze the request rate and HTTP POST/DELETE mix of requests to verify if any of these factors might be the cause. To do this, first consult the Distance measurement and then the difference between a given entity and the benchmark. Sudden increases in distance coupled with sudden increases compared to benchmark values indicate entities that are either the cause of an incident or are affected by upstream issues.

GI-Apache-04-Latency-Signals-and-Contributing-Factors.png

Visitor Benchmarks

The GI Apache - 05. Visitor dashboard compares client platforms, bots, and media types served by your company’s Apache servers compared to all Apache servers across the Sumo Logic server population.  

Use this dashboard to:

  • Assess if your mix of client platforms, bots, and media types served are significantly different for a given Apache server compared to other servers.
  • Assess if bot activity is unusual for your company compared to others in the benchmark. Unusual bots compared to benchmarks could impact your site reliability or compromise security.
  • Assess if media types served are very different for your Apache servers. This can be helpful to understand correlations with GB per request in GI Apache - 01. Load Signals and Contributing Factors.
  • Understand your mix of clients (desktop versus mobile, desktop OS versions, mobile OS versions) to diagnose unusual levels of certain error codes observed in GI Apache - 01. Load Signals and Contributing Factors. See this example.
  • Diagnose deviations of your company compared to the benchmark by using the trend line panels for your company’s Apache servers.

GI-Apache-05-Visitor-Benchmarks.png

Legal
Privacy Statement
Terms of Use

Copyright © 2024 by Sumo Logic, Inc.